Periodontal disease is a common condition found in patients that may not practice good oral care, such as brushing and flossing their teeth and going to the dentist for regular cleanings. Also referred to gum disease, this condition is an infection in the gums in your mouth. The infection is cause by plaque that builds up on your teeth. Gum disease often has few or no symptoms and patients may not know they are at risk of tooth loss caused by gum disease unless they visit their dentist on a regular basis. The good news is that gum disease is preventable and if you already have it there are a number of gum treatment options available including nonsurgical and surgical treatments depending on the severity of the problem.
Non-Surgical Gum Treatment Options
If gum disease is not advanced, it can still be treated without having to resort to surgery. Scaling is one of the most common gum treatments used to remove tartar and bacteria from your teeth and from under your gums. Root planing is used to get rid of rough spots where bacteria might collect. Lasers can also be used to remove plaque and tartar in hard to reach places.
Medications may also be used with either non-surgical or surgical gum treatment options to control bacteria. These medications may include antibiotics, prescription antimicrobial mouthwash, antibiotic gels, and enzyme suppressants that control enzymes that can break the gum tissue down.
Surgical Gum Treatments
If periodontal disease is severe or does not respond to deep cleaning, then surgery may be required. Flap surgery is a gum treatment that removes tartar deposits in deep pockets and sometimes reduces the size of the periodontal pocket to make it easier to keep clean. During the surgery the gums are lifted so that tartar can be removed.
Bone and tissue grafts are a gum treatment aimed at repairing the damage caused by gum disease. Bone and gum tissue loss is common in severe periodontal disease and can lead to tooth loss. Grafts of new bone and tissue can help to promote new growth and ultimately healthier gum tissues and bone.
Discuss Gum Treatments with the Staff at AMA Dental
Dr. Michael Alsouss and his staff are ready to help with all of your gum treatment needs. An appointment with Dr. Alsouss is the best way to get started on the road to restoring gum health. Call the office of AMA Dental today at (216) 351-5500 to get started.